About tooth decay

Tooth decay is a very common infection. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 100% of adults have cavities. They develop in the tooth and cause carious lesion of the enamel, dentin and / or cementum. The process of decaying can take several months. This is why we can have tooth decay without feeling any pain.

Tooth decay formation

Dental plaque is a viscous substance that forms on the teeth. In it there are bacteria, food debris and saliva. These bacteria transform the sugars in the food into acids, which gradually deteriorate the tooth enamel.

Factors contributing to the formation of dental cavities

Several external factors favor the development of cavities:

  • poor oral hygiene;
  • the consumption of sweet and / or acidic foods (soft or energizing drinks, citrus fruits, pickle, salad dressing, coffee, wine, etc.);
  • smoking;
  • breathing through the mouth;
  • diseases such as diabetes.
  • Sugar and acid food and beverages predispose to the development of cavities. Without avoiding them completely, you will reduce the incidence of cavities by consuming less. Also, avoid or reduce tobacco use.
  • Regular brushing and daily use of floss are essential to reduce the risk of tooth decay.
  • Since the symptoms of tooth decay usually show up late, routine exams are still very helpful in detecting and treating it before it causes significant damage to your tooth.